Wildlife in Indonesia was fascinating, especially the Sumatran Orangutans (Pongo abelii, german: Sumatra-Orang-Utan, french: Orang-outan de Sumatra), Sumatran White-handed Gibbon (Hylobates lar vestitus, german: Weißhandgibbon, french: Gibbon à mains blanches), and Komodo Dragons (Varanus komodoensis, german: Komodowaran, french: Dragon de Komodo). I didn't see as much bird life as I would have liked.

The Sumatran Orangutans (Pongo abelii, german: Sumatra-Orang-Utan, french: Orang-outan de Sumatra) are a critically endangered species. They are endemic to the north of Sumatra, they are rarer than the Bornean Orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus, german: Borneo-Orang-Utan, french: Orang-outan de Bornéo). There are less than 7000 individuals left. They eat mostly fruits, but will also eat insects and birds eggs. Males are up to 1.4 m (4.6 ft) tall, and weigh up to 90 kg (200 lb). They rarely get to be 50 years old.

The Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The Komodo Dragons (Varanus komodoensis, german: Komodowaran, french: Dragon de Komodo) are the largest lizards in the world. They also are a critically endangered species. They are endemic to the Komodo Islands. The can be up to 3 m (10 ft) long, and weigh up to 70 kg (150 lb). They live up to 30 years.

Their main food source are Flores Rusa Deer (Rusa timorensis floresiensis, german: Mähnenhirsch, french: Cerf rusa) and wild pigs.

They mate between May and August. In August to September, the females lay on average 20 eggs, usually in abandoned Scrubfowl nests. They guard the nest for a few months, till the rains start and secure the nest. Total incubation is 7-8 months.

Young dragons spend the first few years in trees. While the adults are active, the young ones stay in trees, since the adults are cannibals that eat the young. They come down to forage for food later in the day when the adults rest.

Pictures of birds in Indonesia and other nature pages are separate:

Birds in Indonesia
Indonesia Bird Page
Nature Pages
Other Nature Pages

All pictures are © Dr. Günther Eichhorn, unless otherwise noted.

Fauna in Indonesia

Termite Nest Tree
Termite nest on a tree. (785k)
Strangely Shaped Termite Nest
Strangely shaped termite nest. (1158k)
Bullet Ants Nest
Bullet ants nest. (1209k)
Ants Marching Leaf
Ants marching on a leaf. (786k)
Colorful Tree Snail
Colorful tree snail. (811k)
Butterflies Drinking Sap Tree
These butterflies were drinking sap from the tree. (868k)
Butterfly
Butterfly. (814k)
Butterfly
Butterfly. (1055k)
Butterflies
Butterflies. (837k)
Butterfly
Butterfly. (690k)
Butterfly
Butterfly. (827k)
Colorful Butterfly
Colorful butterfly. (768k)
Cicada Very Loud
Cicada. This one was very loud. (554k)
Large Beetle
Large beetle. (946k)
Cave Cricket Extremely Long
Cave Cricket with extremely long antennae. (903k)
Cave Cricket Extremely Long
Cave Cricket with extremely long antennae. (733k)
Cave Spider
Cave Spider. (782k)
Odonata
Damselfly (Order Odonata (german: Libellen, french: Libellules), suborder Zygoptera (german: Kleinlibellen, french: Zygoptères)). (566k)
Odonata
Dragonfly (Order Odonata (german: Libellen, french: Libellules), suborder Anisoptera (german: Großlibellen, french: Anisoptères)). (673k)
Odonata
Dragonfly (Order Odonata (german: Libellen, french: Libellules), suborder Anisoptera (german: Großlibellen, french: Anisoptères)). (777k)
Odonata
Dragonfly (Order Odonata (german: Libellen, french: Libellules), suborder Anisoptera (german: Großlibellen, french: Anisoptères)). (602k)
Uca sp.
Fiddler Crab (Uca sp., german: Winkerkrabben). (997k)
Lizard
Lizard. (613k)
Varanus salvator
Water Monitor (Varanus salvator, german: Bindenwaran, french: Varan malais). (895k)
Varanus salvator
Water Monitor (Varanus salvator, german: Bindenwaran, french: Varan malais) with fish. (964k)
Cat Harassed Water Monitor
The cat harassed the water monitor so much that it eventually dropped the fish and fled. (1092k)
Rhinolophus sp.
Horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus sp., german: Hufeisennasen, french: Rhinolophe). (847k)
Rusa timorensis floresiensis
Flores Rusa Deer (Rusa timorensis floresiensis, german: Mähnenhirsch, french: Cerf rusa) and Long-tailed Macaques (Macaca fascicularis, german: Javaneraffe, french: Macaque crabier). (822k)
Macaca fascicularis
Long-tailed Macaque (Macaca fascicularis, german: Javaneraffe, french: Macaque crabier). (642k)
Macaca fascicularis
Long-tailed Macaque (Macaca fascicularis, german: Javaneraffe, french: Macaque crabier). (637k)
Trachypithecus cristatus
Silver Langur (Trachypithecus cristatus, german: Silberner Haubenlangur, french: Semnopithèque à coiffe). (753k)
Presbytis thomasi
Female Thomas's Leaf Monkey (Presbytis thomasi, german: Thomas-Langur, french: Semnopithèque de Thomas) with baby. (769k)
Presbytis thomasi
Male Thomas's Leaf Monkey (Presbytis thomasi, german: Thomas-Langur, french: Semnopithèque de Thomas). It is endemic to Sumatra. (752k)
Presbytis thomasi
Close-up of Thomas's Leaf Monkey (Presbytis thomasi, german: Thomas-Langur, french: Semnopithèque de Thomas). (520k)
Macaca maura
Moor Macaques (Macaca maura, german: Mohrenmakak, french: Macaque maure) in a tree. They are endemic to the island of Sulawesi. (1215k)
Macaca maura
Moor Macaque (Macaca maura, german: Mohrenmakak, french: Macaque maure) feeding in a tree. (974k)
Elephas maximus sumatranus
Sumatran Elephants (Elephas maximus sumatranus, german: Sumatra-Elefant, french: Éléphant d'Asie). Notice that only the male has tusks. Females have no, or only very short turks. (1231k)
Elephas maximus sumatranus
Male Sumatran Elephant (Elephas maximus sumatranus, german: Sumatra-Elefant, french: Éléphant d'Asie). (1129k)
Elephas maximus sumatranus
Male Sumatran Elephant (Elephas maximus sumatranus, german: Sumatra-Elefant, french: Éléphant d'Asie). (1172k)
Baby Elephants
Baby elephants. (820k)

Videos of animals

Singing Cicada
Singing cicada. (25.5M)

Komodo Dragons

Varanus komodoensis
Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis, german: Komodowaran, french: Dragon de Komodo), Long-tailed Macaques (Macaca fascicularis, german: Javaneraffe, french: Macaque crabier), and Flores Rusa Deer (Rusa timorensis floresiensis, german: Mähnenhirsch, french: Cerf rusa). (1232k)
Varanus komodoensis
Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis, german: Komodowaran, french: Dragon de Komodo). This one was about 8 ft (2.4 m) long. (1130k)
Varanus komodoensis
Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis, german: Komodowaran, french: Dragon de Komodo). This one was about 8 ft (2.4 m) long. (1.7M)
Walking Komodo Dragon Note
Walking Komodo Dragon. Note the long forked tongue. (1089k)
Female Komodo Dragon Digging
Female Komodo Dragon, digging a nest. (1300k)
Nesting Site Komodo Dragon
Nesting site of a Komodo Dragon. (1.8M)
Young Komodo Dragon While
Young Komodo Dragon. While the adults are active, the young ones stay in trees, since the adults are cannibals that eat the young. They come down to forage for food later in the day when the adults rest. (1230k)
Varanus komodoensis
Close-up of a Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis, german: Komodowaran, french: Dragon de Komodo). (994k)
Varanus komodoensis
Close-up of a Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis, german: Komodowaran, french: Dragon de Komodo). (2.1M)

Videos of Komodo Dragons

Varanus komodoensis
Fishing Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis, german: Komodowaran, french: Dragon de Komodo). (64.2M)
Varanus komodoensis
Walking Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis, german: Komodowaran, french: Dragon de Komodo). (55.4M)
Komodo Dragon Digging Nest
Komodo Dragon digging a nest. (72.9M)

Sumatran White-handed Gibbon (Hylobates lar vestitus, german: Weißhandgibbon, french: Gibbon à mains blanches)

From the Sumatran Lar Gibbon entry in Wikipedia:

The Sumatran Lar Gibbon (Hylobates lar vestitus, german: Weißhandgibbon, french: Gibbon à mains blanches), also known as the Sumatran White-handed Gibbon, is a subspecies of the lar gibbon, a primate in the gibbon family Hylobatidae. It is endemic to the island of Sumatra, Indonesia. It shares the tree tops with orangutans, which, like the gibbon, rarely come out of the trees due to predators, such as tigers and possibly sun bears.

Hylobates lar vestitus
Sumatran White-handed Gibbon (Hylobates lar vestitus, german: Weißhandgibbon, french: Gibbon à mains blanches). It is endemic to Sumatra. (708k)
Hylobates lar vestitus
Sumatran White-handed Gibbon (Hylobates lar vestitus, german: Weißhandgibbon, french: Gibbon à mains blanches) with baby. (1346k)

Sumatran Orangutans (Pongo abelii, german: Sumatra-Orang-Utan, french: Orang-outan de Sumatra)

From the Sumatran Orangutan entry in Wikipedia:

The Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii, german: Sumatra-Orang-Utan, french: Orang-outan de Sumatra) is one of the two species of orangutans. It is endemic to the Indonesian island of Sumatra and is rarer than the Bornean Orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus, german: Borneo-Orang-Utan, french: Orang-outan de Bornéo). Its common name is based on two separate local words, "orang" ("people" or "person") and "hutan" ("forest"), and translates as "person of the forest".

Pongo abelii
Female Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii, german: Sumatra-Orang-Utan, french: Orang-outan de Sumatra). It is endemic to Sumatra. (772k)
Pongo abelii
Female Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii, german: Sumatra-Orang-Utan, french: Orang-outan de Sumatra) with baby. (794k)
Pongo abelii
Female Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii, german: Sumatra-Orang-Utan, french: Orang-outan de Sumatra) with baby. (814k)
Baby Orangutan
Baby Orangutan. (840k)
Pongo abelii
Male Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii, german: Sumatra-Orang-Utan, french: Orang-outan de Sumatra) swinging in a tree. (1216k)
Pongo abelii
Male Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii, german: Sumatra-Orang-Utan, french: Orang-outan de Sumatra) in a tree. (1058k)
Pongo abelii
Male Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii, german: Sumatra-Orang-Utan, french: Orang-outan de Sumatra) in a tree. (689k)
Pongo abelii
Male Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii, german: Sumatra-Orang-Utan, french: Orang-outan de Sumatra). (793k)
Pongo abelii
Close-up of big male Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii, german: Sumatra-Orang-Utan, french: Orang-outan de Sumatra). (584k)
Close-up Big Male Orangutan
Close-up of big male Orangutan. (774k)

Flora in Indonesia

Fungus
Fungus. (1149k)
Fungus
Fungus. (673k)
Mimosa pudica
Mimosa (Mimosa pudica, german: Mimose, french: Sensitive) before I touched it. (745k)
Mimosa pudica
Mimosa (Mimosa pudica, german: Mimose, french: Sensitive) after I touched it. It started to fold up its leaves. (742k)
Flowers
Flowers. (417k)
Flowers
Flowers. (642k)
Flowers
Flowers. (594k)
Decorative Basin Water Lilies
Decorative basin with water lilies. (843k)
Water Lilies
Water lilies. (651k)
Hibiscus sp.
Hibiscus (Hibiscus sp., german: Hibiskus). (657k)
Pachystachys lutea
Golden Shrimp Plant flower (Pachystachys lutea). (547k)
Nelumbo nucifera
Sacred Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera, german: Indische Lotosblume, french: Lotus sacré). (587k)
Calamus sp.
Rattan (Calamus sp., german: Calamus, french: Calamus). It has vicious thorns. (715k)
Bamboo
Bamboo. (1422k)
Lianas Jungle
Lianas in the jungle. (1279k)
Jungle Tree
Jungle tree. (1253k)
Brugmansia sp.
Yellow Trumpet Flower tree (Brugmansia sp., german: Engelstrompeten). (885k)
Brugmansia sp.
White Trumpet Flower tree (Brugmansia sp., german: Engelstrompeten). (865k)
Brugmansia sp.
Close-up of a Trumpet Flower (Brugmansia sp., german: Engelstrompeten). (697k)
Brugmansia sp.
Close-up of a Trumpet Flower (Brugmansia sp., german: Engelstrompeten). (596k)
Spathodea campanulata
African Tuliptree (Spathodea campanulata, german: Afrikanischer Tulpenbaum, french: Tulipier du Gabon). (991k)
Ficus religiosa
Bodhi Tree (Ficus religiosa, german: Pappel-Feige, french: Figuier des pagodes) at Candi Mendut. (1038k)
Ficus benghalensis
Banyan Tree (Ficus benghalensis, german: Banyan-Feige, french: Figuier des banians). (1448k)
Mangrove
Mangrove. (1088k)
Palms Along Puteh River
Palms along the Puteh River. (1115k)

This page contains 86 pictures with 25 species and 4 movies

Indonesia
Main page for Indonesia

Page last updated on Fri Jan 17 16:42:43 2020 (Mountain Standard Time)


Flora and Fauna in Indonesia on guenther-eichhorn.com


© Dr. Günther Eichhorn
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